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C: ProgramFiles(x86) Bosch GLM Transfer Software Driver BoschGLM100C.inf with the data transfer micro-USB cable connected to both my laptop and GLM 100 the following message was displayed: “This device cannot start. (code 10)” “If you know the manufacturer of your device, you can visit its website and check the support section for driver.

The CAN bus (Controller Area Network) was originally designed by Bosch for the automotive market to connect ECUs (Engine/Electronic Control Units) together. Today, this robust communications bus is commonly found, not only in vehicles, but also on the factory floor in automation (e.g. CANOpen) and other applications such as PV solar inverter/battery Energy Storage Systems (ESS).

  1. The Bosch Group is a leading global supplier of technology and services. It employs roughly 394,500 associates worldwide (as of December 31, 2020). According to preliminary figures, the company generated sales of 71.6 billion euros in 2020.
  2. . Neither the name of the Robert Bosch nor the names of its. contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived. from this software without specific prior written permission.

The Raspberry PI doesn’t natively support CAN. The Broadcom SoCs (System on a Chip) used by the Raspberry PI doesn’t include a CAN controller.

The Linux kernel supports CAN and includes SocketCAN drivers for the Microchip MCP2515 Stand-alone CAN Controller with SPI Interface. Various add-on expansion boards (‘hats’) exist for the Raspberry PI including:

  • PiCAN2, PiCAN3 and other variants from SK Pang Electronics
  • RS485 CAN HAT from Waveshare International Limited
  • 2-Channel Isolated CAN FD Expansion Hat from Waveshare
  • MCP2515 CAN Bus Module Board TJA1050 from Aliexpress, Banggood and ebay.

MCP2515 CAN Bus Module Board with TJA1050 SN65HVD230

While this module is dirt cheap and extremely prevalent, it is not 3.3V compatible and hence Raspberry PI compatible. This board is designed to work from 5V only.

The on-board Microchip MCP2515 CAN Controller supports a wide voltage range from 2.7 to 5.5V. However, the CAN Transceiver, the TJA1050 from NXP only supports 4.75 to 5.25V.

One solution would be to power the board from 3.3V and cut the tracks on the PCB to power the TJA1050 from 5V. If you want to take this path, you can find instructions here.

Alternatively, if you are proficient at SMD rework, you can remove the 5V CAN Transceiver and install a 3.3V version. I did this and opted to replace the 5V TJA1050 with the 3.3V SN65HVD230.



Below is the recommended wiring configuration to connect the MCP2515 CAN Bus Module Board to the Raspberry PI’s 40 pin connector.

Driver Installation

Without an ID EEPROM on the ‘hat’ specifying the hardware, the Linux kernel will not automatically discover the CAN Controller on the SPI interface. To load the appropriate driver, you must specify device tree overlay settings at boot.

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Add the following line to your /boot/config.txt file:

Examples Of Usb Devices

The oscillator parameter should be set to the actual crystal frequency found on your MCP2515. This frequency can change between modules, and is commonly either 16 or 8 MHz. My MCP2515 CAN Bus module board has a 8MHz on-board crystal and hence, I set the above line to 8000000.

The interrupt parameter specifies the Raspberry PI GPIO pin number. We have connected the INT pin to GPIO25.

By default, the mcp2515 driver uses a maximum SPI frequency of 10MHz (as per the MCP2515 datasheet). You can also specify the overlay an optional parameter spimaxfrequency, e.g. spimaxfrequency=2000000 to slow down the SPI clock to help with signal integrity issues – e.g. if you have flying leads, rather than a PCB!

Note: Historic documentation may suggest adding dtparam=spi=on and dtoverlay=spi-bcm2835-overlay. While the SPI master is not enabled by default, and specifying dtparam=spi=on will enable it, so will the mcp2515-can0 overlay. The spi-bcm2835-overlay was used to specify a newer bcm2835 SPI driver (vs the older bcm2708), but since version 4.4 of the kernel, bcm2835 is now the default driver.

Now reboot your PI. You should see the following kernel messages on boot:

Naturally, if you see “Cannot initialize MCP2515. Wrong wiring?“, check the power and wiring of your CAN controller.

Once you have rebooted and the driver has been successfully loaded, you can manually bring up the CAN interface using:

The bitrate here is specified as 500kHz, but this may be changed to suit other devices on your CAN bus.

To automatically bring up the interface on boot, edit your /etc/network/interfaces file and add the following:

The SocketCAN interface behaves just like a network interface. You should be able to get various statistics using ifconfig (interface configuration)


CAN-utils is a collection of extremely useful debugging tools using the SocketCAN interface. It includes applications such as:

  • candump – Dump can packets – display, filter and log to disk.
  • canplayer – Replay CAN log files.
  • cansend – Send a single frame.
  • cangen – Generate random traffic.
  • canbusload – display the current CAN bus utilisation.

CAN-utils source can be obtained from the GitHub repository: https://github.com/linux-can/can-utils

Alternatively, pre-compiled binaries can be installed using:

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Code Development

Check out our tutorial for example C SocketCAN code.


On buses which high frame rates, the mcp251x driver may struggle. It is not unusual to see the irq/160-mcp251x kernel process using 25 percent of the CPU and the spi0 kernel using another 10 percent.

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Enabling DMA doesn’t seem to make a material difference.

For most applications, it is unlikely you will want to capture and process every CAN frame. More likely than not, you are only only after frames sent to a specific address or range of addresses. This is how CAN buses were envisioned.

Given any other CAN device, one would just set a CAN filter and mask. This would filter out any frames not of interest and leave the firmware/software to deal with the important frames.

While this can be done, one of the deficiencies of the SocketCAN interface is that this filtering happens at a kernel module level. The filter and mask is never passed to the mcp251x for hardware level filtering. As a result, high CPU utilisation is still present when using filtering.

mcp251x.ko driver with hardware level filtering

One solution would be to modify the mcp251x driver to enable hardware filtering. Currently no means of passing down the filter or mask exists, but it could be either hardcoded, or loaded in at module load.

If this is of interest, see https://github.com/craigpeacock/mcp251x

If high frame rates are required, you may be better off to switch to alternative embedded Linux platforms such as the BeagleBone. The BeagleBone has internal CAN Controllers and support high frame rates with ease.