Install the new drivers. Boot up your computer and wait for your operating system to load. Depending on what operating system you have, the card may be automatically detected and installed. If not, insert the disk that came with the card and install the drivers using the Setup program included on the disk. Sample WDF Driver for Sealevel Digital I/O Kit. This is the WDF sample driver that demonstrates how to use the features of the Sealevel Digital I/O Kit. It includes sources and build procedures as well as testApp source code. Geological Survey (USGS) Data Set Contributed: Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) The USGS is a science organization that provides impartial information on the health of our ecosystems and environment, the natural hazards that threaten us, the natural resources we rely on, the impacts of climate and land-use change, and the core science systems that help us provide timely, relevant.
Abstract: The sea-ice cover of the Arctic Ocean is an important element of the climateand ocean system in the Northern Hemisphere as it impacts albedo, atmosphericpressure regimes, CO2-exchange at the ocean/atmosphere interface as well as theNorth Atlantic freshwater budget and thermohaline circulation . Due toglobal warming, the Arctic sea-ice cover is presently evolving at anunprecedent rate towards full melt during the summer season, driving theso-called 'Arctic amplification' . However, the Arctic sea-ice has alsoexperienced large amplitude variations, from seasonal to orbital (Milankovitch)time scales, in the past. Recent studies led to suggest that whereas insolationhas been a major driver of Arctic sea-ice variability through time, sea-levelchanges governed the development of 'sea-ice factories' over shelves (Figure1), thus fine-tuning the response of the Arctic Ocean to glacial/interglacialoscillations that is slightly out of phase compared to lower latitudes [3,4].We discuss below how insolation and sea-level changes may have interacted andcontrolled the sea-ice cover of the Arctic Ocean during warm past intervals andhow they could still interfere in the future.
Submission historyFrom: Claude Hillaire-Marcel [view email]
[v1] Wed, 3 Feb 2021 13:52:57 UTC (520 KB)
[v2]Sat, 6 Feb 2021 14:04:25 UTC (520 KB)
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References & Citations
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Bay Area Inundation
These layers represent areas around San Francisco Bay at risk of inundation, and correspond to varying amounts of long-term sea level rise (varying over decades) in conjunction with various return levels corresponding to shorter-term variability (hours to years). Most of these areas are currently behind levees or other protective structures, and would only be inundated if those structures were to fail. These data are described in detail in the reference: Knowles, Noah. 2010. Potential Inundation Due to Rising Sea Levels in the San Francisco Bay Region. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, 8:1. Available at
Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS)
These layers represent CoSMoS coastal flooding projections for the San Francisco Bay area due to the combination of sea level rise and storms, including waves, tides, surge, steric effects, and fluvial discharge. These data are available for comprehensive visualization and download from Our Coast, Our Future (OCOF). OCOF is a collaborative effort between Point Blue Conservation Science, USGS, the Gulf of Farallones National Marine Sanctuary, and Coravai LCC.
Barnard, P.L., van Ormondt, M., Erikson, L.H., Eshleman, J., Hapke, C., Ruggiero, P., Adams, P.N. and Foxgrover, A.C., 2014. Development of the Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) for predicting the impact of storms on high-energy, active-margin coasts. Natural Hazards, Volume 74 (2), p. 1095-1125, DOI:10.1007/s11069-014-1236-y
Pacific Institute Coastal Data
These data include areas inundated by 100-year unimpeded Pacific coastal flooding under baseline (year 2000) conditions for the California Coastline, as well as areas inundated by 100-year unimpeded Pacific coastal flooding under a scenario of 1.4-meter (55-inch) sea-level rise. These data are available for download via the Pacific Institute.